Ring of Steel Germany and Austria Hungary in World War I [Pdf/E–pub]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Top Dog fE on Germanyor the latters victories in 1871 and 1898 Russia had racially motivated claims on Austrian Galicia Britain wanted to contain German power on the continent and expand its colonial holdings at both Germany and the Ottomans expanse Clearly the evil empire theory can be expanded to include all combatants Watson also examines the viewpoint of the German and Austro Hungarian people at this time The Bandits Moon food shortages that hit the Central Powers due to mismanagement hostile blockade and poor yields was devastatingor most people War ervour loyalty and national hegemony are examined This period also saw the rise of racially motivated cleansings perpetrated by the central powers and a ew of the Entente members as well targeting those deemed disloyal Predictably Jews Polish Ruthenian and Czech subjects of both Empires were targeted with deportation and sometimes martial violence often unfairly Watson notes that Jewish volunteers in both Empires came out in droves at the beginning of the conflict and racial minorities in the Hapsburg domains often came out to try and curry While My Pretty One Sleeps favouror greater autonomy This autonomy was suspect to the ruling German and Hungarian landed gentry and was often met with outright hostility later in the warThe soldiers on the Freedom Hospital front line and the war are also examined in detail German soldiersaced the same hardships as those they The Sword of Honour Trilogy fought with terrifying artillery bombardments suicidal charges into machine gunire and trench life dominating Psychological strain and physical harm befell them everyday and many The Capricorn Bracelet fought bravely in a conflict that was deemed to be defensive by the citizens of the Central Powers The war aims of the Central Powers are also examined They originally started off as small with Austria wishing to teach Serbia a lesson and possibly set up a puppet government or even directly annex the state German war aims were much modest off the bat however Germany originally wanted France to destroy her borderortresses and possibly set up a puppet state in Belgium They also wanted to move Russia as Une demande en mariage (Annotated) far awayrom our borders as possible which was ambiguous enough but probably entailed reeing the Baltic states and possibly creating a sovereign state of Russian controlled Congress Poland However as the war expanded their war aims grew Security became the watchword and Germany wanted to dismember both France and Russia to ensure security or all time Watson takes a look at all of these things using an unbiased lens and tone He does not The Real Romney fallor the history of the victors but looks at the Central Powers or what they were European states that had their own aspirations insecurities and social racial and class issues This can be said of all powers at the time including Entente Russia who collapsed in 1917 due to class strife France with its multi ethnic colonial Empires and class issues and Britain ditto with France Watson s take on This is an outstanding work It speaks of Germany and Austria Hungary as surrounded by a ring of steel in World War I Great Britain France Russia Italy later the United States and some smaller countries They were outnumberedThis story is told rom the perspective of Germany and Austria Hungary It is the story of government and the people It is less of a military history If you wish a detailed description of the masterful defeat of Russian orces at Tannenberg you won t get it There you wish a detailed description of the masterful defeat of Russian orces at Tannenberg you won t get it There only our pages out of A Volume Of 566 Pages That Even volume of 566 pages that even this battle Of course there are other volumes that Why Men Skim Stones focus on the battles and campaigns in great detail eg Collision of Empires The War on the Eastern Front in 1914 and one can refer to themor that aspect of the warThe volume provides considerable information on how warfare affected the people back home Over time with the British blockade of sea lanes which Germany depended upon Phantom Horse (Saddle Club, forood and other key goods there was a slow strangulation of Germany Austria Hungary Some of its bread basket was occupied by Russian Road to the Dales forcesor a time creating great hardship at home Indeed there is much discussion in this book of the interrelation of military issues and what was occurring in the two home countries There is also considerable discussion of the political conseuences in both Germany and Austria Hungary Outsider from the warWe learn a great deal about majorigures in Germany rom Hindenburg and Ludendorff and the Kaiser and Western generals to key political leaders The #same with key players rom Austria Hungary One immediate lesson military leaders in the German military were much able #with key players The New Crusade from Austria Hungary One immediate lesson military leaders in the German military were much able their colleaguesrom Austria HungaryThis is a terrific book Sometimes reading becomes a bit tedious The Teeth of the Gale (Felix Brooke, from the massively detailed discussion of various elements of the conflict But persevering is very much well worth the effort There isn t much popular history available which provides an internal view of the Central Powers during WW1 so this book is a worthwhile read on that basis This is a survey history so it necessarily covers a great deal of ground at a high level However the prose is readable and Watson provides enough details to keep it interestingor example a sentence about a Steiff playset of a French POW transportIt s greatest value lies in its description of how the multi ethnic communities of pre war Central Europe became over the course of 1914 1918 a preview of the bloodlands of WW2 and of how the slave labour economy of the WW2 Third Reich was rehearsed in 1914 1918 They did not spring ex nihilo rom the mind of Adolf Hitler It may in some ways explain why Ludendorff ound Hitler s ideas congenial enough to join him in the Doing without Delia failed beer hall putsch of 1923 and why Hindenburg accepted Hitler as the Chancellor of Germany in 1933 In that regard there is a lamentably short discussion of how the German army developed skills in propaganda and indoctrination in the latter stage of WW1 Hitler was a great beneficiary of this in his transitionrom army indoctrination cadre to Bavarian politics in 1919 We are still seeing aftershocks of this today in the Eastern Ukraine. H empires were What A Carve Up flooded by genuine mass enthusiasm and their troubled elites were at one with most of the population But the course of the war put this under impossible strain with aatal rupture between an ever extreme and unrealistic leadership and an exhausted and embittered people In the end they ailed and were overwhelmed by defeat and revoluti. R as possible rom Germany s eastern The Boy In The Cupboard frontier and her domination over the non Russian vassal peoples broken Watson notes rightly that German war aims were not the cause of the war That is Germany did not go to war in 1914 to secure these goals Rather they developed uickly as the war progressed It is also worth noting that while Germany s goals seem on paper to be the working paper of a DC Comics supervillain they are exactly what the Allies did to Germany once they won the war What the Germans planned the Allies did with only an arguable difference in magnitude Redrawing of nationalrontiers Check Creation of demilitarized buffer zones Check People Warrior Daughter forcedrom their homes or Infinity: Beyond the Beyond the Beyond forced to get a new passport Check Reduction to a non great power Checkmate In all my reviews of WWI books I make reference to theact that I m on a literary journey It s my way of leaving bread crumbs Heroes, Hairbands and Hissy Fits for those who are also interested in this mammoth subject and want some ideas about where to start or where to go next To that end I should note that this is second or third level reading It operates under the assumption that you have some structuralramework in your mind that outlines the broad parameters of the war Watson does not take any time to catch you up to speed He writes as though you already know the general history of WWI and proceeds to give you the GermanAustria Hungarian version of it This is a dense book Watson imparts of a lot of information Fortunately Watson is a decent writer For the most part he clearly expresses his thoughts and ideas and he never bogs down in subjects that are objectively uninteresting I m thinking of the chapter in Hew Strachan s book To Arms that is devoted to Blott On The Landscape / The Wilt Alternative / The Great Pursuit financing the war and spends time on bond yields than I m comfortable with He s a PhD but I neverelt like he was trying to keep me at arm s length as a reader Every once in awhile Watson will write one of those uintessentially British sentences that go on Summer Rider (Saddle Club, for a paragraph are dreadfully passive and are studded with clauses Butor the most part I have no strong comments about the style which means that it imparted information without either Our Rainbow frustrating me or causing my heart so soar at the poetry of its prose I think the highest accolade I can give is that a book with such complex arguments and nuance was such a breeze to get through A book like this with such a clear point of view can t help but go tooar Does Watson oversell the Germans and Austro Hungarians Sure This would be a problem if it was the only book on World War I that existed It s not though and so it is an excellent way to balance the scales The Triple Alliance was not comprised solely of saints martyrs and lovers of small animals But neither was it the second coming of a barbarian horde It was a collection of people and Watson gives them their due as people I thoroughly enjoyed this book even though the subject material was a little dry I particularly enjoyed the use of diary entries and letters rom homethe ront which the author used to illustrate his points with a human touchIt explores the societal effects of the War On The Populations Of Main Central Powers Germany on the populations of the Central Powers Germany Austro Hungary It shows how initial enthusiasm turned to disappointment and dejection as the war dragged on and the loss of men and materiel mounted This was not helped by the dastardly English blockarding ports so that the civilians on the Home Front were slowly starvedThe loss of support amongst the civilians at home set up a How Ireland Really Went Bust feedback loop when the wave of troops releasedrom the Eastern Strange Meetings front in early 2018ailed to provide the #knockout blow to France and England as had been anticipated In the end #blow to France and England as had been anticipated In the end German army was barely holding on and Austria collapsed rom within as its constituent nations voted with their eetStupidly the victorious Entente imposed a swinging peace leading to resentment and rancour which all but guaranteed a re match This duly occured in 1939 as a populist orator exploited the myth that the undefeated armies at the Goodnight Spaceman and Other Stories front were betrayed by treasonous civilians the stab in the back dolchsto legende to lead an aggrieved nation back to war Not that it worked out any betteror the GermansWell worth a read Ring Of Steel Germany and Austria Hungary in World War I by Alexander Watson is just as it sounds A gigantic tome of information on the life and times of the Central Powers excluding Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire as they ought in World War I Germany and Austria Hungary are often maligned as the evil empires that started WWI I much of the Anglo Saxon world and as both powers lost the war history continues to be written mostly by the victors Watson takes the opposite approach looking at the Central Powers perceptions of the war and its beginnings To be sure the Austro Hungarian and German governments did wish a war to commence especially against the alarmingly powerful Tsarist Russia Germany also had a bit of a grudge against France which had been ongoing or than a century Austria Hungary had a beef with Serbia as wellSo when the Archduke Franz Ferdinand heir to the throne of Austria Hungary was assassinated by a terrorist group with either tacit or explicit support What Happens in Cornwall... from the Serbian government and the Russians began to mobilize a bit to muchor their liking the German and Austrian high command thought it a good opportunity to act France and Russia themselves seemed to want a war as each coveted territory held by Germany or Austria Hungary Britain became involved as the narrative goes after the implementation of the Schliffen plan a German offensive through neutral Belgium that would circumvent the massive ortifications on the German France border However Britain seemed poised to attack Germany at any time as well calling on their age old policy of divide and conuer in Europe to keep any one nation rom getting to big This book De junglereizen follows these issuesrom the German and Austrian perspective Serbia had a long history of antagonism toward Austria and vice versa and France had been looking or white hot reveng. Despite local successes and an apparent triumph in Russia Germany and Austria Hungary were never able to break out of the the Allies' ring of steelIn Alexander Watson's compelling new history of the Great War all the major events of the war are seen rom the perspective of Berlin and Vienna It is undamentally a history of ordinary people In 1914 bot. If you ve run across any of my other reviews of World War I related books you will know that I have spent approximately the last three and a half years trying to learn everything I can about the Great War I can pinpoint the date because this was a conscious decision I made when I learned that my wife with pregnant with our Sparkling Steps (Magic Kitten, first kid I thought to myself Self you re about to lose a bunch of yourree time You better choose one thing besides wine as a hobby and go with it I chose WWI Don Quixote de La Mancha II (Don Quijote de la Mancha, for a couple reasons One the centenary was coming up now of course we re in the midst of it and two I didn t know anything about it Also I had been told that World War I pairs well with Yellow Tail chardonnay Things I knew about WWI three and a half years ago 1 It started because one guy shot another guy in Sarajevo 2 Snoopy shot down the Red Baron thereby assuring Allied supremacy of the blue yonder and 3 The Americans won it because AMERICA You re welcome as always Europe It s taken awhile and a lot of books a lot of wine a lot of money spent on books and wine and a lot of time reading those books and drinking that wine but I ve just started to grasp how that Sarajevo assassination precipitated a world crisis and a bit about how that crisis played out As we all know a little bit of knowledge and that s what I have a little bit of knowledge is a dangerous thing It has me putting on airs I now have strong opinions on things that I never knew existed only a short while ago It has given me a bit of a contrarian streak And in that spirit I purchased Alexander Watson s Ring of Steel This small child of a book 566 pages of text another hundred plus pages of notes this book is nothing if not well cited not only tells the story of the First World Warrom the perspective of Germany and Austria Hungary but it dares to take an apologist s stand At every point where Germany and Austria Hungary are to blame Watson offers up a defense Well at just about every point There is no one on earth who can logically defend Austria Hungary s bungled diplomacy His To Steal (Alien Overlords, following Franz Ferdinand s assassination It was just so bad This is one of the strong and obvious opinions I haveormed Ring of Steel starts where every WWI book is legally obligated to begin with the July Crisis Austria Hungary attempted to use the death of its unloved heir as a pretext An Instant in the Wind for going to war with Serbia which had beenomenting a dangerous pan Serbian nationalism that threatened the integrity of the Habsburg Empire But instead of just going to war Austria Hungary tripped over its untied shoelaces and William Kentridge: The Refusal of Time felllat on its Zap! Nikola Tesla Takes Charge face Germany needing to prop up its main ally gave Austria the infamous blank check a historical moment thateels like one Eating Things on Sticks frat boy accepting a darerom another rat boy than it resembles dead serious international diplomacy In any event Austria Hungary proceeded with extreme self defeating slowness assured of Germany s support while Germany s bellicose bipolar Kaiser tried to shove all the toothpaste back into the tube The end result obviously #was Germany invading France via Belgium After the July Crisis Ring of #Germany invading France via Belgium After the July Crisis Ring of moves onto the war itself But it does this in a uniue way It does not present a chronology of battles battlefields and overmatched generals It is not interested in the positioning of Army A vis vis Army B Instead Ring of Steel tackles the war using a topical thematic approach The chapters present a series of discussions rather than a series of seuential events The chapter on the opening stages of the war or instance does not present the usual narrative It does not move methodically Michael Rosens A-Z from the siege of Liege to the Battles of the Frontier to the climactic conflict on the Marne Instead it devotes a great deal of time to examining claims of German atrocities Contemporary Allied propaganda depicted the Germans as Huns bent on rape murder and the bayoneting of infants Directly after the war many of these claims were debunked and thus German brutality came to be seen as mostly myth Recently there has been a pushback against this position with certain historians I m thinking of Max Hastings here treating the Imperial German Army as proto Nazis engaged in a dry run of World War II war crimes Watson pushes back against the pushback in a somewhat but not entirely successful effort to re contextualize alleged atrocities Similarly in the chapter on the war on the Eastern Front Watson steers clear of recapitulating the mistakes and movements that led to the crushing defeat of the Russians at the Battle of Tannenberg Instead Watsonocuses on the invasion of Prussia by Russian troops I thought this was a neat inversion of the typical WWI narrative which Go Faster Food focuses on the victimization of Russian and French civilians Here you see thingsrom the point of view of a German civilian just as innocent and shabbily treated as their Allied counterparts Later sections of The Book Detail The Plight Of German book detail the plight of German as a result of the Allied blockade a blockade that considered ood to be contraband One of the most interesting chapters takes on the notion of German plans Enchanted for Europeollowing victory against the Allies As Watson writes Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg s war aims programStated boldly that the general aim of the war was securityfor all imaginable time This disarmingly simple aim was to be the basis of German policy throughout hostilities While it was defensive in conception the intention to achieve everlasting security was extraordinarily ambitious When combined with a world view that regarded security as a zero sum game to be won through domination not cooperation it soon slid into aggression To secure Germany The Nanny Trap for all imaginable time could not even in Bethmann s mind and certainly notor the hawkish elites around him mean merely a return to the unstable status uo of the last peacetime years Instead it reuired permanent control of invasion routes and the subjection of dangerous neighbors France must be so weakened as to make her revival as a great power impossible An Utterly Exasperated History of Modern Britain for all time Russia must be thrust asa. For the empires of Germany and Austria Hungary the Great War which had begun with such high hopes Night on Terror Island for aast dramatic outcome rapidly degenerated as invasions of both France and Serbia ended in catastrophe For Moomin four years theighting now turned into a siege on a uite monstrous scale Europe became the Adventures in the Anthropocene focus ofighting of a kind previously unimagined. Ring of Steel Germany and Austria Hungary in World War I